August 2011
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Travel – Cayenne – the capital of French Guiana

Cayenne is the largest city of French Guiana and the capital. French Guiana is located in the Amazon region of South America, with the status of being an overseas region and department of France. Cayenne is on an island and at the Atlantic coast on the banks of estuary of the Cayenne River. The city’s slogan and motto is “Fert Aurum Industria” which means “Work brings wealth”. It is having approximately population of 100,323. This city is served by Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport which is in the commune of Matoury and is a suburb of Cayenne. Cayenne is situated at 268km of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni and about 64km of Kourou.
Distances with some cities:
• Paris to Cayenne – 7100km.
• Paramaribo, capital of Suriname to 342km north-west.
• Macapá, capital of the federal state of Amapá (Brazil) which is to 554km south-west.
Cayenne main economy is its industrial centre for Shrimp industry.
Cayenne is the chief town of six cantons:
? The first canton (North West) has 3,935 inhabitants;
? The second canton (North East) has 5,730 inhabitants;
? The third canton (South West) has 8,017 inhabitants;
? The fourth canton (Centre) has 5,955 inhabitants;
? The fifth canton (South) has 9,750 inhabitants;
? The sixth canton (South East) has 17,207 inhabitants

The official language of French Guiana is French but Creole is also widely spoken. Few understand English here. On the Maroni river, Taki-taki is spoken and basic Portuguese and basic Spanish are understood.

Attractions of Cayenne:
• Marshes of Caw: This is located in the Cayenne region and is a natural reserve. It is very attractive for nature lovers. One can see abundant wildlife in here.
• Cayenne Zoo: This is also in the Cayenne region and is a zoo that is situated in a tropical rainforest.
• Place des Palmistes: This is known as the “place of the cabbage trees” and has monuments and gardens. This place is full of palm trees because of which it’s got its name.
• Avenue du General de Gaulle: This is also in the Cayenne region. This is a well known street for hotels, eateries and boutiques.
• Place Grenoble: This is also in the Cayenne region. This is one of the main town squares with full of public buildings.
• Place Victor Schoelcher Market: This is also in the Cayenne region and is the Cayenne’s main vegetable market.
• Cayenne River: This is a known river to take a walk and enjoy the atmosphere around.
• Musee Departemental: This is also in the Cayenne region and is a museum that was an old Creole home. It has a finest area’s collection.
• Fort Ceperou: This is also in the Cayenne region and is a fort that dates back to the 17th century. It is located on a high hillside location with perfect views.
• Fort Diamant: This is also in the Cayenne region and is a government structure dating back to 17th century.
• Remire-Montjoly Beach: This is a beach that is in the Cayenne region and there is an old sugar mill with some ruins. It has great views of the beach.
• Village Chinois (Chinatown): This is also in the Cayenne region. This village is full of restaurants and markets and a bustling fish market.
• Emerald jungle village: This village is the best of the eco tourism. It is in the Cayenne region and has the solar powered lodge which is a French Foreign Legion post. This is abandoned now. The building comprises of a library and on the property lie the botanical trail.
The lodge conducts excursions which are through eastern French Guiana and canoes and mountain bikes are also available on rent.
• Hattes Beach: This is a single nesting site for the giant leatherback turtles and one in the world. These turtles nest from April to July which is peak season for more than 200 leatherbacks. Their eggs are known to hatch from July to September. Even green turtles nest here along with Olive ridley turtles and hawksbill turtles. This beach also has a local museum giving information regarding turtles.
• Salvation islands: Its Local Name is Îles du Salut and these are tropical islands and a group of islands that are known for being a brutal penal colony established in 1852. The group of islands are three and they are Île Royale, Île St Joseph, and the Île du Diable which is also known as the “Devil’s Island” being a penal colony from 1852 to 1953.
The population of these islands is about 2000. These islands are located in shark infested waters. These islands are for the prisoners now.

Attractions around Cayenne:
• Kourou Space Centre (Centre Spatial Guyanais): This is a Science museum and a space centre in the Kourou region of French Guiana. It is known for more than 500 launches that started in the 1960s. One can take a guided tour and view its six launch sites that are the region’s most popular attractions.
• Kourou River: This is in the Kourou region of French Guiana. There are organized rides in pirogues, traditional hollowed-out log canoes.

Best time to visit / climate:
Cayenne has a tropical monsoon climate with minimal seasonal variations. The dry season lasts for two months of the year, September and October, and the other seasons are wet. It is best to visit this place in the dry season. Cayenne has a copious amount of precipitation during the year

Location on Google Maps:

View Larger Map

How to get there:
Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport (CAY) serves this area. The different flights that serve are:
• Surinam Airways to Surinam.
• Air Caraibes toBelem (Brazil), Fort-de-France (Martinique),Panama City, Paris, Point a Pitre(Guadeloupe), San Jose (Costa Rica), Santo Domingo (Dominican republic) and Port au Prince (Haiti).
• Penta, to Brazilian Amazon.
• TAF to Brazil
• Air France to France, Martinique and Guadeloupe.
• From France, with Air France and Air Caraibes.

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers):


Blogs / Sites about Cayenne:


Images and photos of Cayenne:

Google Search

Videos on Youtube:

Cayenne, French Guiana : The Beach

Cayenne, French Guyana

Best Photos near Cayenne, French Guiana

catholic cathedral… Cayenne, French Guiana

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