August 2010
M T W T F S S
« Jul   Sep »
 1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031  

Geneva – A large city in Switzerland




Geneva is the second-most-populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of Romandie (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). It is the capital of the Republic and Canton of Geneva. It is situated where the Rhône River exits Lake Geneva (in French also known as Lac Léman).
Geneva has been described as the third European financial centre after London and Zurich, and the world’s eighth most important financial centre by the Global Financial Centres Index, ahead of Frankfurt and Sydney and a 2009 survey by Mercer found Geneva to have the third-highest quality of life of any city in the world. Geneva is a global city, a financial centre, and a worldwide centre for diplomacy as well as the most important international co-operation centre with New York because of the presence of numerous international organizations, including the headquarters of many of the agencies of the United Nations and the Red Cross. The city has been referred to as the world’s most compact metropolis and the “Peace Capital” In 2009, Geneva was ranked as the fourth most expensive city in the world.

Museums: Museums and art galleries are present in the city. Some are related to the many international organizations as the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum or the Microcosm in the CERN area.
Sports: The main sport team in Geneva is Servette FC, a football club founded in 1890 and named after a borough on the right bank of the Rhône. Geneva is also home of the Genève-Servette Hockey Club, who plays in the Swiss National League A. In 2008 and 2010 the team made it to the league finals but lost to the ZSC Lions and SC Bern respectively.
Geneva is the seat of the European headquarters of the United Nations. It is located in the Palace of Nations building.
Several agencies are headquartered at Geneva, among which the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights(UNHCHR), the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Labour Organization(ILO) or the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Organizations on the European level include the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and the CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) which is the world’s largest particle physics laboratory. Apart from the United Nation agencies, Geneva hosts many inter-governmental organizations such as the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Economic Forum (WEF), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
The Geneva Environment Network (GEN) publishes the Geneva Green Guide, and extensive listing of Geneva-based global organizations working on environment protection and sustainable development.

Places to see
• Geneva’s lakefront: This column of lake water is as high as 450 feet in the air. Along the lakeside one will find beautiful flowerbeds and other exotic flora as well as elegant old residences. As for what’s on the water – swans, ducks and diving birds cohabit with a multitude of brightly colored sailing boats just waiting for a regatta. The Brunswick Monument which contains the tomb of Charles II, Duke of Brunswick is on the right bank. Further along the quay is the Pâquis Jetty with its lighthouse and the public baths.
Crossing the Mont-Blanc bridge towards the left bank, there is Jardin anglais , an English Garden. Here you’ll find the famous flower clock.

• Jet d’eau (water fountain): This fountain has grown to be the symbol of Geneva. In 1891, it was transferred to the “Rade”, to become a major tourist attraction. However, it was not until 1951 that it was provided with an autonomous pumping station, propelling 500 litres of water per second to a height of 140 meters at a speed of 200 km per hour (124 miles/h). Eight 9,000-watt projectors light the fountain’s majestic column in the evening as it soars skywards.

• Flower Clock: The famous flower clock, located at the edge of the Jardin Anglais (English Garden) since 1955, is a masterpiece of technology and floral art and a symbol of the Geneva watch industry of world. It is a decorative clock with its sole dial comprising over 6,500 flowers and provided it with decisive artistic dimensions. It is now composed of eight concentric circles, the colours of which vary with the seasons and the plants which make up the display. The second’s hand of Geneva’s Flower Clock is the largest in the world (it is more than 2.5 meters long).

• Saint Peter’s Cathedral: One will be charmed by the Clémence, the queen of the bells, weighing over 6 tons and hoisted to this very tower in 1407. This Cathedral has one hundred fifty seven steps lead to the summit of the cathedral’s north tower and to a fabulous panorama overlooking the city and the lake.

• Reformation Wall: This wall Stroll along 100 meters of wall and cover 450 years in the history of Protestantism. The construction of the Reformation Wall in the Bastions Park began in 1909. The monument is backed against part of the ancient defensive walls that surrounded the city until the middle of the 19th century.

• Place Neuve: It comprises the Grand-Théâtre (opera), the reputed Conservatory of Music and the Rath Museum, internationally renowned for its temporary exhibitions. In the centre of the square, a statue depicts the Genevan general Henri Dufour, national hero and first to establish a map of Switzerland.

• United Nations Building: It is the second most important centre of the United Nations after New York. Its surface is that of the Palais de Versailles and its Assembly Room, seating 2,000, is as large as the Paris Opera House. Over 25,000 delegates meet here annually to negotiate for world peace. It was constructed between 1929 and 1936 to house the League of Nations. Many works of art and gifts are displayed.

• Place du Bourg-de-Four: In the very heart of the Old Town, the Place du Bourg-de-Four has always been a meeting place.

• Carouge: Carouge, a small suburb of Geneva, was only to develop after 1754. A city plan then was designed by Turinese architects with a checkerboard arrangement around an axis planted with trees (the Place du Marché) and low houses with galleries in the rear opening on gardens. Trendy boutiques, antiques and curios dealers, restaurants and bistorts ensure a very warm and congenial ambience.

Currency: Switzerland uses the Swiss franc. Money can be exchanged at post offices and train stations, which offer similar rates to that of banks. Being one of the banking capitals of the world, ATMs are very common.

Best time to visit / climate: The best time to visit Geneva is summer as in winter ice storms and snowfall are usual. But if skiing is one of your interests then winter can also make a good time for visit.

Location on Google Maps:

View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:
http://maps.google.co.in/maps?q=Geneva&oe=UTF-8&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=Geneva,+Switzerland&gl=in&ei=YyJJTJG2Ds_IcYXR7eoM&ved=0CCwQ8gEwAA&z=13

How to get there:

By Air: Geneva International Airport is a network of a hundred or so destinations spread right across the globe. A great advantage is the airport’s proximity to the city centre: 5 km (3 miles). A direct rail connection links the airport to the downtown railway station in 6 minutes. The terminal has essential services such as exchange, information, restaurants and a business centre at strategic points.
Several hotels are close to the airport. The World Trade Centre and Geneva Palexpo, the exhibition and conference centers, are only a few hundred yards away. All important car rental companies have offices at the airport. In other words, the Geneva International Airport offers all the facilities one expects to find in a city of Geneva’s importance.

By Train: The Swiss National Railroad system offers hourly links to Lausanne, Bern, Basel, and Zurich and to the famous holiday regions of the Cantons of Vaud and Valais. City and airport of Geneva are joined by rail with more than 200 trains a day. Many international routes pass through Geneva to provide convenient connections across Europe. There are trains from Geneva to Paris and from there to London, crossing the Channel by ferry or by the Euro-Tunnel.

By Road: Heading south, motorists can pick up the “Route Blanche” on the city outskirts to reach Chamonix and the Mont-Blanc within 1 1/2 hours, Italy (via the Mont-Blanc tunnel) within two hours. A branch of this same highway offers the rapid links Geneva-Grenoble to the south and Geneva-Lyon to the west, with continuing connections on to Paris. To the north and east, the Swiss highway system provides fast direct links with Lausanne, Vevey, Montreux, Villeneuve, Martigny, Fribourg, Bern, Basel, and Zurich and beyond.

Transport within Geneva
Cars rental : http://www.geneva.com/detail.php?id=1546&Cars rental (addresses and contact numbers)
Public Transports Unireso : Unireso is the tariff community covering all Geneva and operated by:
– CFF (trains, zones 11, 12, 15, 17 & 55),
– Transports Publics Genevois (TPG). (Trams and buses, for the ALL GENEVA zone and the regional zones 20, 30, 40, 44 & 55),
– SMGN (“Mouettes Genevoises” boats, lines M1 to M4, zones 11 & 12)
Unireso tickets and day passes must be purchased before boarding the vehicle from automatic vending machines located at the stops. A valid ticket must always be carried during the journey and must be presented in case of control.

Boats: Public transport by boat is provided by the Mouettes Genevoises, which link the two banks of the lake within the city

Taxis : Taxis in Geneva can be hailed in the street, ordered by phone, or found at about 60 authorized taxi ranks in town, airport and main station.
The prices per Kilometer: Out of canton: CHF 3.80, Nights, Sundays, public holidays: CHF 3.80, 4 or more passengers: CHF 3.80.

Geneva Transport Card : All visitors staying at a hotel, youth hostel or camping in Geneva can benefit from the Geneva Transport Card, with no additional cost. This personal and non-transferable pass enables its holder to use of the entire public transportation network without restriction (bus, train and boat), with validity for the entire duration of his (her) stay including the departure day.
Trams/metros: The names of different train stations are Cointrin (airport), Cornavin (in town), Eaux-Vives and Gare Routière.
(http://212.203.98.98/WD140AWP/WD140AWP.EXE/CONNECT/GRweb gives information of trams and metros in the city.)

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers):

• http://www.geneva-tourism.ch/?rubrique=0000000269 (list of hotels from 5 to one star)
• http://www.geneva.com/index.php?catid=315&Restaurants (gives the list of restaraunts to dine in)
• http://reservations.geneva.com/city/ch/geneva.en.html?aid=330677;label=searchbox;sid=3c951687801c87d92cda042a650fa760 (hotel reservations)
• http://www.hotel.info/Search.aspx?gclid=COqn39CIgaMCFU1B6wodxHidZw&hs_validate=2&hs_locationnr=46593&cpn=46&cpnll=371 (list of hotels with details)
• http://www.myswitzerland.com/en/hotels/index.cfm/genf/geneve/hotel+crowne+plaza+geneva/12451
Hotels.com search

Blogs / Sites about Geneva
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geneva
• http://www.myswitzerland.com/en/search/search.cfm?phrase=geneva
• http://www.geneva-tourism.ch/?rubrique=0000000594

Images and photos of Geneva

• http://phototheque.genevetourisme.ch/?lang=en (online picture library – cultural, fun, historical, international, nature and landscape and urban)
• http://www.worldtravelguide.net/city/49/images/Europe/Geneva.html
• http://www.danheller.com/geneva.html
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rade_Geneve.jpg
• http://www.igeneve.ch/photographie/




Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>