July 2010
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Kutch Desert Wild Life Sanctuary: Located on the western tip of India, right next to Pakistan

General Information

Location: Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, Kutch, Gujarat, India.
District: Kutch.
Nearest City: Bhuj.
Best time to visit: October to March.
Climate/Weather: Weather of Kutch is tropical monsoon with an average annual rainfall of approximately 14 inches. In Summer temperature can reach up to 48°c and become very hot indeed. In Winter temperature ranges from 12 °c to 27 °c, making it more pleasant to visit.

How to reach there

By Air : The nearest airport is Bhuj (110 kms).
By Rail : The nearest railway station is Bhuj (110 kms).
By Road : The nearest bus station is Rapar (20 kms).
Distances from Major Cities :
Veraval : 42 km
Keshod : 86 km
Delhi : 1140 km
Mumbai : 340 km
Rajkot : 160 km/3 hrs.
Ahmedabad : 415 km (SW)/7 hrs.

This sanctuary, which is the largest in the state, encompasses a true saline desert where thousands of Flamingoes nest and breed in the world famous ‘Flamingo City’, while a 5000-year-old city lies buried in an eternal silence close by. This area was declared a sanctuary in February 1986.
Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary is the largest sanctuary of Gujarat. Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary occupies an area of 7505.22 square kilometers. Spread over an area of 2 sq km, Kutch Bustard Sanctuary is located in proximity to Naliya which is under the district of Kutch in Gujarat, India.
Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat houses some of the rare wild animals like striped hyena, porcupine, fox, small Indian civet, Indian pangolin and a large number of reptiles. The Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary of Gujarat has vast area of sun-baked mud flats that are salt impregnated. Some of the area around the Sanctuary have small patches of uplands, the hilly islands of the sanctuary are called bets.
The northern boundary of this sanctuary forms the international border between India and Pakistan and is heavily patrolled by the Border Security Force in India with much of this sanctuary being closed to civilians after the India Bridge at Kala dungar (Black hill), Khavda. Tourists and researchers can only enter here with special permission from the BSF.

Flamingo City

The world famous ‘flamingo city’ is located in the mudflats of the Rann, at the distance of around 10 km from the Nir out-post on Kala Dungar. Hundreds or thousands of greater flamingoes breed here, normally during the year at the optimum level of inundation. They construct their muddy nests, lay eggs and rear young ones.

Bird Species

The famous bird species found inhabiting Indian Little Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary are Laggar Falcon, Spotted & Indian Sandgrouse, Flamingoes, Francolin Partridge, Desert Larks, Houbara Bustard, Bustard Quails, Desert Wheatear, Short Toed Eagle, Steppe Eagle, Imperial Eagle, Storks, Ducks, Cranes and Pelicans.


There are two hills named- Kala Dungar and Goro Dungar. On this hilly island exist several microhabitats. They include grassland, scrubland, barren wasteland, agricultural land, village ponds, irrigation reservoir etc.


The wild animals that harbors in the Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary include hyenas, jackals, birds, Nilgai, chinkara, sambhar, wild boar, Indian hare, pale hedgehog, small Indian civet, Indian porcupine, Indian fox, jackal. The avian species of the Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary include stork, crow, spoonbill, sparrow, osprey, white backed vulture, black vultures and more.

Kutch Desert Festival

A visit to Kutch Desert Festival, offers access to the interior and beautiful recesses of the region of Kutch, situated in Gujarat, India. It is organised in Feburary. The Kutch Mahotsav or the great Kutch festival offers access to the interior and beautiful recesses of the desert district of Gujarat.

Things to do at the Sanctuary

– A jeep or camel safari in and across Rann of Kutch with tented camps on the baits.
– For photography enthusiasts, special rides and camouflaged boats are provided.
– A trip to a typical Saurashtra village and an insight into the art of handloom weaving and Dyeing Units can be enticing due to the vibrantly colored dyes and the exquisite craftsmanship.
– Tribal life is best experienced with the tribal people.

Nearest Visiting places

– Bhuj : This is known as the famous walled city of the state, Bhuj has its great importance of ancient values and historical backgrounds to denote that it is one of the ancient spots in the country.
– Bela : This spot is in the borders of Rann of Kutch which is a famous for its wild ass sanctuary.
– Chitrod : This place evoked into regular inhabitance during the separation and displacement of the people India.
– Anjar : Shrine of Jesai Toral, the bungalow of James Mcmurdo, Ajaypal temple and the holy shrine of Pinjora Pir are the locations of spirituality and serenity.
– Mandvi : This spot is said to be the biggest tourist location of the state, the town is famously known for its historical values dates back even before 18th centuries.
– Mundra : This is another coastal city of the state, and famously known as ‘the Paris of Kutch’ which was founded during the reign of Rao Bhojraji (1633-1645).
– Koteshwar : In the district of Lakhpat is situated the temple of Koteshwar which is a holy place of pilgrimage in Kutch.

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