May 2010
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Ranthambore National Park – A famous wildlife sanctuary in Rajasthan, India

Ranthambore National Park is one of the largest and most famous national parks in northern India. It is situated in Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan. Ranthambhore was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of India, and was declared one of the Project Tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambhore became a national park in 1980. In 1984, the adjacent forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, and in 1991 the tiger reserve was enlarged to include Sawai Man Singh and Keladevi sanctuaries.

The Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve is the single largest expanse of dry deciduous Anogeissus pendula Forest left intact in India. Such forests were found all along the North and Central Aravalis but in the last few decades they have been badly degraded and right now this Tiger Reserve is their last strong hold. The areas surrounding the Tiger reserve have been totally deforested and as a result, the Ranthambore tiger reserve is now an “ecological island surrounded by farmlands and overgrazed pastures.”

Panthera tigris tigris – the Indian or the Bengal Tiger is the flagship species of Rantambhore and right now it is the only place in Rajasthan where tigers exist. The Ranthambore tiger reserve is also a crucial link and wildlife corridor between a chain of Protected areas from Dholpur district in the North-East to the Kota district in the South-West. This Project tiger reserve is also an invaluable watershed for the surrounding areas, a fact that is made more significant considering that the surrounding areas have low annual rainfall. Ranthambhore is an important catchment area for the river Chambal, which in turn, is an important river in the Gangetic system.
The terrain of Ranthambhore tiger reserve is mostly rugged and hilly and is intimately related to the Great boundary fault.
The hills to the northwest of fault-line are the Aravalis and typically have ridges on one side and gentle slope on the other.
The hills south west of Great boundary fault are the Vindhyas. The sand stone beds of these hills are flat-topped and form extensive table lands known as “Dangs”. The ravines are prominent feature of both the rivers, the Chambal and the Banas. These ravines are formed due to sandy nature of the soil along the banks of the rivers.

How to reach

By Air – The nearest airport to Ranthambore is Jaipur, the capital of the state of Rajasthan. Jaipur is located at a distance of 140 Km from Ranthambore. You can arrive in Jaipur by flights from any major city in India, such as Delhi or Mumbai and then travel to Sawai Madhopur by train or road transport.

By Road – You can easily travel to Ranthambore by road from anywhere in Rajasthan. Both the Rajasthan Tourism Department and many private operators run road transport services to Ranthambore. You can choose from local buses, luxury coaches or private taxis to travel by road to Ranthambore National Park.

By Rail – The main railway line from Delhi to Mumbai runs past Sawai Madhopur, which is connected by regular trains from cities across Rajasthan and India. You can travel to Sawai Madhopur by train and then cover the remaining 11 Km to Ranthambore by taxi.

Flora and Fauna

Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan is a breeding ground to a number of wild animals such as Tigers, Leopards, Striped Hyenas, Sambar deer, Chital, Nilgai, Common langurs, Macaques, Jackals, Jungle cats, Caracals, Sloth bears, Black bucks, Rufoustailed Hare, Indian Wild Boar, Chinkara, Common Palm Civets or Toddy cat, Common Yellow Bats, Desert Cats, Civets and Common mongoose.
The park is acclaimed for its diurnal tigers and a range of fascinating reptiles such as Snub Nosed Marsh Crocodiles, Desert Monitor Lizards, Banded Kraits, Cobras, Common Kraits, Indian Pythons, Rat Snakes, Russel’s Vipers, Saw-scaled Vipers and the Indian Chameleon. The Ganga Soft Shelled Turtles, and North Indian Flap Shelled Turtles are among the famous amphibious species commonly spotted here.


The Ranthambhore tiger reserve, with its sub-tropical dry climate, has three very well defined seasons – summers, winters and monsoons. October and March are the time when the weather changes from monsoons to winters and from winters to summers, respectively.

Park Visitation Timings
– Between October To March: 6.00 am – 9.00 am & 3.00 pm – 6.00 pm”
– Between April To June: 6.30 am – to 9.30 am & 3.30 pm – 6.00 pm”

Other Tourist Attractions

– Bakaula – The Bakaula area is an area dotted with little water holes and thick foliage. you’ll get a shivering environment here. Even in peak summers it feels like an air-conditioned room.
– Lakarda & Anantpura – These areas located in the North-Western and Northern regions of the park are ideal locations to visit if looking for Sloth Bears. These areas have a lot of ant hills, which are a favourite of the beers.
– Raj Bagh Ruins – These ruins are located between the Padam Talao (lake) and the Raj Bagh Talao. These ancient stone structures like arches, palace outhouses, domes and steps give the area an aura that is not possible to find anywhere else in the world.
– Padam Talao – This is the largest of the lakes present in the park. The famous and beautiful Jogi Mahal is located at the very edge of this lake.
– Ranthambore Fort – This fort stands majestically atop a hill overlooking the entire park. The walk up, one of the only places this mode of transport is possible, is a very refreshing and exciting one as even the big cats have been spotted up there.
– Rajabagh Talao – This is probably the most picturesque of the three lakes. This mostly due to the ruins that can be seen along it’s edges. Yet, it owes some of it’s beauty to the animals that seem to always flock to it’s waters.
– Malik Talao – This is the smallest of the three lakes in Ranthambore National Park. But, as they say, all the best things come in small packages.
– Kachida Valley – This valley, which consists of many rocky outcrops and low hills, is located close to the outskirts of the park. A jeep would be the ideal mode of transport when trying to visit this area.

Places to stay in Ranthambore

High End Resorts /Hotels in Ranthambore
– Vanya Vilas Resort : The Oberoi Group’s new luxury resort is located adjacent to the famous Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve.
– Aman-I-Khas
– Tiger Den Resort, Ranthambore
The Tiger Den resort is located in village Khilchipur that is very close to Ranthambhor National Park. It is at a distance of 450-kms from Delhi and 185-kms from Jaipur.
– Tiger Moon Resort, Ranthambore
The Tiger Moon resort is located in village Sherpur adjoining Ranthambhor National Park. It is at a distance of 450-kms from Delhi and 185-kms from Jaipur.
– Hammir Wildlife Resort : It is named after the Hindu ruler “Hammir” of Ranthambore in Rajasthan. Located on the main Ranthambore road at an easily accessible distance from the park as well as from the town of Sawai Madhopur, Hammir Wildlife Resort enjoys the privilege of an ideal location. The resort has ultra-modern facilities and friendly staff.
– Ranthambore Regency : The lovely hotel is situated on the way to the Ranthambore national Park. The Hotel is beautifully landscaped and has peaceful and enchanting ambiance.
– Ranthambore Bagh : It is located near The Rathambore National Park. The hotel is rated as a resort. Tented area at night.

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