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Kaziranga National Park, the place to see the Rhino, located in the state of Assam, India




Middle Assam in North East India
Latitude:- 26°30 N to 26°45 N
Longitude:- 93°08 E to 93°36 E
Climate:- Sub-Tropical Monsoon with average rainfall of 1320 mm and temperature ranging from 8° C in Winter to 38° C in Summer
Best time to Travel : November to April.
Location : The National Highway 37 runs through the park. Kaziranga (Kohora) is at a distance of 217 km from Guwahati, 96 km from Jorhat, and 75 km from Furkating via road.

Journey to Kaziranga National Park in Assam
– Airport : The nearest airport is situated at Guwahati, which is 217-km away from the park. The other airport is located at Jorhat, 96-km from Kaziranga.
– Railhead : The nearest railhead is Furkating, situated 75-km away from Kaziranga National Park.
– Road Tansport : The main gate for Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, at Kohora on the NH-37, consists of a handful of cafes and a small local market. ASTC and private buses stop here on their way to and from Guwahati, Tezpur and Upper Assam. Some private buses also retain a seat quota for Kaziranga passengers.

Location of Kaziranga National Park on Google Maps:


View Larger Map

About Kaziranga
Situated in Jorhat Nawgaon district, the Kaziranga National Park declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1985, extends over an area of 430sq.km. It is bounded by the Mikir Hills on the South and Brahmaputra river on the north. The park, 217 km from the capital of Assam, Guwahati was declared a Wildlife sanctuary in 1950 and accorded the status of a National Park in 1974. The park divided into central, eastern and western sectors consists of semi- evergreen forested highlands, rivulets, marshes and extensive plains covered with tall elephant grass up to 6 metres high.
It is one of the significant natural habitat for in situ conservation of biological biodiversity of universal value. The values and criteria made Kaziranga National Park to get inscribed in the World Heritage Site List 1985.
Apart from being a rich natural habitat for the great Indian One-horned Rhinos, Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary also has a sizable population of the Wild Buffalos and Indian Elephants. Herds of wild elephants, some times numbering up to 200, can be seen migrating from the Mikir hills to the bheels (marshes or ox-bow lakes), offering the most spectacular view to the wildlife enthusiasts.

The Landscape
The land is quite level all over the park, which is mostly covered by dense and tall elephant grass. These large stretches of elephant grass are intermixed by small wetlands left behind by the receding floodwaters of the river Brahmaputra. The park, although quite flat in nature, is set against a backdrop of hills like the Mikir and Karbi Anglong.
Kaziranga National Park is one of the last areas in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence. It is inhabited by the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as many mammals, including tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds.

The Flora: These picturesque wetlands have an abundant cover of water lilies, water hyacinth and lotus. The vegetation that breaks the monotony of these grasslands are large clumps of semi-evergreen forest. The park is mostly covered with elephant size grass, making it a perfect habitation for the one-horned rhinos.

The Fauna: Indian One-horned Rhinos, tigers, leopards, elephants, barasingha, swamp deer, barking deer, wild boar, para or hog deer, Bison, Sambar, leopard cats, otters, Hoolock Gibbons, golden Langurs, Wild Buffaloes, Slow Loris, pygmy hog, capped langur and bears.

Reptiles: Snakes, lizards, turtles and tortoises, Crocodiles Gharial.

Other Attractions In Kaziranga

Elephant Safari : The vast open country makes Kaziranga National Park very accessible and wildlife viewing fairly pleasurable. Here one can leave in the early hours of the dawn for an elephant-back-ride. Authorized and trained Mahouts who guide visitors through the park train the Elephants. One could see wild Elephant herds roaming around or Indian Rhinos browse past visitors unconcernedly. Since Kaziranga wildlife Sanctuary is easily accessible, its provides a chance to see animals in the wild at such close quarters, thus making a trip to this National Park a very rewarding experience.

Sightseeing in Kaziranga : Tourists can stroll through the lush coffee and rubber plantations of the nearby Karbi Anglong. Or visit the Karbi villages, meet the Karbi people and observe their way of living. You can also venture through the tea gardens that Assam is so famous for and watch how one gets one’s daily cup of tea. Film shows on wildlife can be arranged at the various tourist lodges in Kaziranga, on request.
March – April is best for animal sightings. Trained elephants are available as mounts for seeing the rhinos at close range. Elephant rides which last around one hour, should be booked the previous evening at the park administrative Centre in Kohora. Elephant rides between 0500 – 0600, 0630 – 0730 and 1530 -1630. Jeep drives are also available. The rides at dawn are best to see the animals. There are three road routes inside the park open from 0800 – 1100 and 1400 – 1630 (1) Kazi ranga or central range – Kohora, Daglang, Foliomari, (2) Western range (Best to see rhinos and buffaloes) – Baguri, Monabeel, Bimoli, Kanchanjuri. (3) Eastern range(30km from Kohora best to see birds) – Agortoli, Sohola, Rangamatia. The observation towers are situated at Sohola, Mihimukh, Kathpara, Foliamari and Harmoti. Other attractions here are the coffee and rubber plantations of the nearby Karbi Anglong and the tea gardens of Hatikhuli, Methoni, Difalu, Behora, and Borchapori.

Places to stay in Kaziranga

– Wildgrass Resort: The Wild Grass lodge is located outside Kaziranga National Park area and is about 200-kms away from Guwahati. Built in an attractive rural style kind of architeture, the resort’s surrounding ground is covered with more than 40 species of trees over 200 species of shrubs, creepers and climbers.
– Bonhabi Resort: Bonhabi is an exotic tourist destination amidst all scenic beauty of nature. Located at Bagarijuri, 1 No. Kohora Gaon Kaziranga, just one minute away from the main gate of Kaziranga National Park.The resort is a prefect blend of tradition & modernity.
– Aranya Resort: The Aranya Forest Lodge run by the Assam government are 3 km from the park entrance at Mihimukh. The Aranya Forest Lodge spread in 7 acres.
– Landmark Woods: Landmark Woods, a world class resort amidst breathtaking greenery and spread over 15 acres of undulating landscape. Thirty lavish well appointed rooms, complimented with amenities and room service, a fusion cuisine restaurant and a well stocked bar.

Photos:
1. Photos (along with photos of the Rhino) (link)
2. Photos of Rhino, Birds, Safari, etc at Kaziranga (link)
3. Kaziranga photos at oktatabyebye.com (link)
4. Many photos of Kaziranga National Park (link)
5. Many photos at Kaziranga National Park (link)




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